IS MUSIC HARAM IN ISLAM?: Exploring the Boundaries of Permissibility

Syed Bukhari

Updated on:

Is music haram in Islam?

Music, musical instruments and singing are haram in Islam. This prohibition is supported with evidence from the Quran and the Sunnah

In Surah Luqman (31:6), Allah Says:

“Among them, there are those people who purchase idle tales without knowledge and without meaning, and they mislead the people away from the path of Allah, and they ridicule the path of Allah these are the people who receive a humiliating punishment.”

Is Music Haram In Islam?(Yes/No)

Yes, music is prohibited in Islam. This is because it can lead to improper behavior and evoke emotions contradictory to Islamic teachings.

The music itself involves musical instruments and lyrics that are un-Islamic or encourage immoral conduct, which are forbidden in Islam.

Modern music also contains obscenity and promotes ideals contrary to Islam.

Music can create a state of relaxation distracting from Allah’s remembrance and religious duties.

Some music environments encourage haram acts like drinking alcohol and illicit relations against Islamic values.

In summary, music is haram in Islam due to its nature and effects going against Islamic guidance on behavior and lifestyle

Is music haram in Islam?

What is Ma’azif

Ma’azif refers to musical instruments and singing. Scholars differed on the exact definition but agreed it entails things that are sounded and played for musical entertainment.

Quranic and Hadith Evidence Against Music

Verses in the Quran condemn idle talk, amusements, and following vain desires, which scholars interpreted to forbid musical instruments and sinful singing. Ahadith directly prohibit various musical instruments and consumption of music.

Quranic Verses

There are no direct verses forbidding music. But some interpret verses condemning “idle tales” and “amusements” as referring to sinful music. However, scholars disagree on the tafseer.

Views of Scholars

The four imams prohibited all musical instruments. Only some late scholars differentiated between levels of impermissibility. The majority agreed instruments like the flute and strings are absolutely forbidden.

Permitted Use of the Duff

The sole exception scholars made was use of the duff (hand drum without bells) by women during Eids, weddings and other joyous occasions. But men were prohibited from playing or clapping to music.

Prohibited Use of Musical Instruments in War

Some attempted to make exception for military music but this has no basis in shariah. Rather war times are when hearts should turn to Allah in reliance and remembrance.

Responses to Contentions Permitting Music

Claims that some sahaba allowed music, singing softens hearts, and that prohibition applies only to sinful gatherings are incorrect. The ahadith and athar are clear in their censure of music as immoral and distracting from Islam.

Differing Opinions

Islamic scholars differ on whether music is entirely haram, only certain instruments are haram, or it depends on the type of music. Some say it is halal. There is debate surrounding this issue.

Arguments it is Haram

Some cite ahadith prohibiting musical instruments as evidence. Others say modern music promotes immoral ideas and behavior, so should be avoided even if not explicitly forbidden.

Instruments in Hadith

A hadith mentions Prophet Muhammad (SAW) allowing singing with a duff instrument. This indicates some instruments may be permitted. But other ahadith condemn musical instruments broadly.

Differing Interpretations -Music in Islam

There are multiple scholarly views on what is meant by verses and hadiths regarding music. Evidence is not conclusive about wholesale prohibition according to some contemporary scholars.

How To Avoid Music? (TIps)

  • Strengthen Your Connection with Allah

Spend more time reciting Quran, making dua, and growing your relationship with Allah. This will help replace the habit of listening to music.

  • Surround Yourself With Righteous Company

Join Islamic circles and mosques where you can listen to beneficial lectures and be in the company of the righteous. This provides spiritual nourishment.

  • Listen to Islamic Content

Replace music with podcasts of Islamic lectures, Quran recitations, and nasheeds that praise Allah. This gives comfort without being impermissible.

  • Avoid Triggers and Bad Company

Stay away from environments where music is played and befriend people who avoid it. This removes temptation and reinforcement.

  • Increase Acts of Worship

Pray more and do other acts of worship to get closer to Allah. This drives out desire for haram acts like inappropriate music.



Q. Is all music haram?

A. Not all music is forbidden in Islam. If the music does not have haram elements like musical instruments (except duff) and praises Allah, then it is permitted. But most contemporary music is considered prohibited, so it is best to avoid it altogether.

Q. Is listening to music haram?

A. Yes, listening to music is prohibited in Islam according to Quranic verses and hadiths. The condemned music involves instrument playing, indecent lyrics, and immoral themes. So it’s best to abstain from listening to music completely.

Q. Is music haram in the Quran?

A. There is no direct Quranic verse declaring music as categorically unlawful. However, some interpret certain verses as indications that make music forbidden. Hence most Islamic scholars consider music prohibited.

Q. Are you allowed to sing in Islam?

A. It depends on the type of singing. Singing praises of Allah with only duff percussion is permitted for religious purposes. But singing with instruments, indecent lyrics, and promoting vice like pop music is forbidden.

Q. Are Muslims allowed to rap?

A. No, rap music is prohibited in Islam because it contains foul lyrics and musical instruments, which goes against Islamic teachings.

Q. Can Muslims listen to music?

A. No, most contemporary music is forbidden in Islam, so Muslims should abstain from listening to it. However, music without haram elements like instruments or lyrics not praising Allah may be permitted.

Q. What type of music is haram?

A. Music involving instruments, vulgar lyrics, and themes of vice is prohibited in Islam. This encompasses most popular music genres nowadays.

Q. What kind of music is allowed in Islam?

A. Music without haram aspects like instruments or lyrics praising Allah, such as nasheeds and religious songs, is permitted in Islam.